CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support an association between T2DM and increased risk of cancer of the pancreas in Arab men and women.
A significantly reduced risk of all other cancers was observed only in Arab men.
Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and the Occupied Palestinian Territories all had literacy rates above 90%.
Many parts of the Arab world have endured, or continue to endure, armed conflict. Military spending may often come at the expense of education.
Rates of child mortality in families with some secondary educations were half those in uneducated households.