Grannie seeking guyd s dating

Plentyoffish dating forums are a place to meet singles and get dating advice or share dating experiences etc. the deaf four friends sat in a restuarant and used sign language of course..

Hopefully you will all have fun meeting singles and try out this online dating thing... man on next table stared stared and stared at them.. they discussed about something to make him feel stupid.. the man was shocked and wondered so he got up and walked to the phone ..

Some of these folks (all ages), grind away like the rest of us and lessons are learned by not only hearing these communications but listening to them. If I'm attracted to him and we are both interested in same hobbies, church, interests I don't care what people think. I've often thought about taking a Sign Language course just for my own benefit...really it's just another language. I'm don't think to myself, I want to date deaf people, but I would not pass up a deaf person because they were deaf. it is my first experience and 171 people signed up .. it seems like i m still the only deaf person there. i love being around hearing people and challenge them to face me.. We need more people like yourself..EDUCATE others and be less fearful of someone just because of a "disability." In quotes because I actually despise the word..I was Program Manager working with "disabled" people, I always used the term "barriers"...because we can always get past barriers, and we are able!

grannie seeking guyd s dating-34

When I try to think about what intimacy really means. I will say that when I was working a job a few years ago, I worked with a few deaf people. it is very important to show people we can do anything except hear .., one time i went to church dance and there was a really hot looking guy that came to me and saying do you want to dance?

The example that comes to mind is a student I had in my science class who was profoundly deaf. I started learning sign language because I had the opportunity. I dated a guy that was legally blind and absolutely loved him to pieces.

Once a person knows sign, I consider not signing while speaking around a deaf person to be rather rude. There can be some awkwardness in new social situations, hearing or not, but I would want to be a part of her group of friends and have her a part of mine. When I was a kid, there was a deaf girl who lived near us and we became quite good friends, had a blast together and seemed to have no probs communicating that I can recall. Again, I don't actively seek out deaf persons, but if I became friends with someone I wouldn't avoid it. wow i read all messages and they were very interesting and they have their own opinions bout this .. i grew up accepting people so easy when they are around me.. i thank my mom for teaching me to be true to myself and stand up what i believe.. i hate that term now because i know i can do anything except hear.. Too funny...those two things actually make it HARDER to understand someone!

Hopefully they would end up overlapping to some degree. I am not hearing impaired but have experience with lots of people ( and animals ) dealing with disservice down this avenue daily. Unfortunately, we moved to the other side of the city & I never saw her again.... It's been a while since I've used it but I still remember som eand it would not be hard to pick back up where I left off. thanks for sharing no matter if they are negative.. they sometimes think i am a retarted or somthing like that. tonight i am hosting a POF party in austin on 6th st.. LOL ;)So you sound AWESOME to take on a party planner position..attitude ROCKS and I cannot wait to hear how it went!!!

In order for her to learn anything in my class, we had to connect eye to eye so she could read my lips. if the right woman came along, deafness would not be an issue.sure, why not? I wouldn't intentionally hunt for a deaf date but if I met a lady who happened to be deaf, I wouldn't say I can't ask her out, she's deaf. I miss working with them but I still remember what they passed on to me. I've been to a bar and been the only person who would "dance" with the guy in the wheelchair.

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    These include, but are not limited to: Opinion 93-33 OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER -- Designation (use of newspaper not entered as second-class matter); (use of newspaper entered as second-class matter outside the municipality)PUBLIC MEETINGS -- Notice (use of newspaper not entered as second-class matter); (use of newspaper entered as second-class matter outside the municipality)SCHOOL DISTRICTS -- Powers and Duties (publication of notice of annual meeting) Opinion 93-32 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Financial Disclosure (authority of State Comptroller to obtain access to annual financial disclosure statements) MUNICIPALITIES -- Officers and Employees (authority of State Comptroller to obtain access to annual financial disclosure statements) STATE COMPTROLLER -- Powers and Duties (municipalities - authority to obtain access to annual financial disclosure statements) Opinion 93-31 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Reimbursement for Expenses (travel expenses - of governing board member from home to meetings) Opinion 93-30 COUNTIES -- Powers and Duties (liability for the cost of transportation to county jail) COUNTY SHERIFF -- Powers and Duties (transportation of individual after arraignment) VILLAGES -- Powers and Duties (liability for the cost of transportation to county jail) Opinion 93-29 OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER -- Designation of (criteria for in villages) VILLAGE BOARD -- Powers and Duties (designation of official newspaper) Opinion 93-28 STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Improvements (CHIPs moneys subject to section 284 agreement) SUPERINTENDENT OF HIGHWAYS -- Relations With Town Board (CHIPs moneys subject to section 284 agreement) MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Highway Fund (CHIPs moneys subject to section 284 agreement) Opinion 93-27 LOCAL LAWS -- Taxes and Assessments (superseding sales tax provisions) SALES TAX -- Use (for reduction of townwide taxes within town outside village area) Opinion 93-26 AMBULANCE DISTRICTS -- Fees (authority to impose to offset ambulance district costs)AMBULANCE SERVICE -- Fees (authority to impose to offset ambulance district costs) Opinion 93-25 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (lighting of private right-of-way)STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Private Roads (lighting by village)VILLAGES -- Powers and Duties (lighting of private right-of-way) Opinion 93-24 FIRE DISTRICTS -- Appropriations and Expenditures (construction of permanent outdoor competitive sports facility) -- Powers and Duties (construction of permanent outdoor competitive sports facility)PARKS AND RECREATION -- Facilities (construction of outdoor competitive sports facility by fire district) Opinion 93-23 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Electrical Services (chair of planning board who performs work for town and private parties) -- Interest in Contract (chair of planning board in contract with town for electrical services) ZONING AND PLANNING -- Planning Boards (electrical contractor as chair of board) Opinion 93-22 BAIL MONEYS -- Disposition of (when erroneously reported to justice court fund)STATE COMPTROLLER -- Justice Court Fund (procedure to refund bail moneys erroneously reported) Opinion 93-21 FIRE DISTRICTS -- Apparatus and Equipment (procedures for sale of) REFERENDUM -- Mandatory (need for to sell fire truck in fire district) -- Permissive (need for to sell fire truck in fire district)PERSONAL PROPERTY -- Disposition (procedures for sale of unneeded truck by fire district) Opinion 93-20 LOCAL LAWS -- Taxes and Assessments (requiring countersignature on checks issued by receiver); Referendum Requirements (requiring countersignature on checks issued by receiver) RECEIVER OF TAXES AND ASSESSMENTS -- Powers and Duties (necessity of countersignature) Opinion 93-19COURTS -- Surrogate's Court (fees for certificate of adoption or certified copies of orders of adoption)FEES -- Court Fees (fees for certificate of adoption or certified copies of orders of adoption) Opinion 93-18 FIRE COMPANY -- Powers and Duties (authority to require referendum on establishment of service award program)FIRE PROTECTION AND PREVENTION -- Towns (circumstances requiring referendum on service award program)FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICTS -- Service Award Program (circumstances requiring referendum on program for fire company in fire protection district)VOLUNTEER FIREFIGHTERS -- Service Award Program (authority to require referendum on establishment of program) Opinion 93-17 BONDS AND NOTES -- Permissible Uses (pre-payment of certain employer retirement contributions) -- Referendum Requirements (for pre-payment of certain employer retirement contributions)MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Appropriations and Expenditures (need to use appropriation of current funds when bonds may be issued)PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Retirement Benefits (authority to issue bonds to pre-pay certain employer retirement contributions)SCHOOL DISTRICTS -- Powers and Duties (authority to issue bonds to pre-pay certain employer retirement contributions) Opinion 93-16 VOLUNTEER FIREFIGHTERS -- Service Award Program (credit for activities performed by local government employees during regularly assigned work periods) WORDS AND PHRASES -- "Regularly Assigned Work Periods" (meaning for purposes of General Municipal Law, §217[f]) Opinion 93-15 LIBRARIES -- Finances (requirements of annual audit of by town board)TOWN BOARDS -- Powers and Duties (authority to annually audit public library) Powers and Duties (authority to annually audit public library) Opinion 93-14 COUNTIES -- Improvement Districts (extension of service within a sewer district)IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS -- Powers and Duties (extension of service within a county sewer district)SEWER DISTRICTS -- Construction (extension of service within county district) Opinion 93-13 COUNTIES -- Powers and Duties (authority to charge-back to municipalities within county the cost of sheriff's road patrols); (providing sheriff's road patrols on a part-county basis) LOCAL LAWS -- Taxes and Assessments (authority of county to charge-back to municipalities within county the cost of sheriff's road patrol) - Pre-emption (formation of special district for the provision of sheriff's road patrol services) Opinion 93-12MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Appropriations and Expenditures (travel expenses - where spouse accompanies school board member)PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Reimbursement for Expenses (travel expenses - spouse of school board member attending conference) Opinion 93-11 BONDS AND NOTES -- Debt Limit (computation of with respect to installment purchase contracts)PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Installment Purchase Contracts (computation of 115% limitation) WORDS AND PHRASES -- "Outstanding Indebtedness" (meaning for purposes of General Municipal Law, §109-b[6][c]) Opinion 93-10COUNTIES -- Powers and Duties (designating holidays for closing of county offices)LOCAL LAWS -- Public Holidays (determining day to celebrate) Opinion 93-9 FOREIGN FIRE INSURANCE TAXES -- Exempt Volunteer Firemen's Benevolent Association (disposition of interest on investment of tax moneys); (need to be member of association to receive benefits); (use of money for scholarship program) Opinion 93-8 BONDS OR NOTES -- Variable Rate Obligations (propriety of including a provision to increase the interest rate due to change in law) Opinion 93-7 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Contracts Requiring Bidding (service of legal process) Opinion 93-6FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICTS -- Fire Protection Contracts (article 5-G of the General Municipal Law does not provide authority for)MUNICIPAL COOPERATION -- Fire Protection (article 5-G of the General Municipal Law does not provide authority for town fire protection contracts) Opinion 93-5 TOWNS -- Budget (effect of late publication of notice of hearing) Opinion 93-4 BONDS AND NOTES -- Bond Resolution (when two-thirds vote required) -- Referendum Requirements (for tax certiorari judgments)REAL PROPERTY TAXES AND ASSESSMENTS -- Certiorari Proceedings (authority to issue bonds to finance judgments) Opinion 93-3 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Professional Services (physician) Opinion 93-2 REFERENDUM -- Change in Fiscal Year (timing of proposition in village)VILLAGES -- Fiscal Year (timing of proposition to change) Opinion 93-1 COUNTY ATTORNEY -- Assistant (entitlement to salary fixed for county attorney in the event of a vacancy)COUNTY CLERK -- Deputy (entitlement to salary fixed for clerk in the event of a vacancy)COUNTY TREASURER -- Deputy (entitlement to salary fixed for treasurer in the event of a vacancy) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (for deputy acting in the event of a vacancy) -- Deputy (entitlement to salary of principal in the event of a vacancy) Opinion 92-57 SEWER RENTS -- Interest and Penalties (by State to village) STATE COMPTROLLER -- Approval By (for contracts for water and sewer services from village) VILLAGES -- Powers and Duties (need for contract to provide water and sewer services to State) WATER RENTS -- Interest and Penalties (by State to village) Opinion 92-56 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (payment of flat monthly allowance for use of private automobile on official business) WORDS AND PHRASES -- "Terms and conditions of employment" (as including payment of monthly allowance for use of automobile on official business) Opinion 92-55 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Powers and Duties (performing work for private water system) VILLAGES -- Powers and Duties (services for private water systems) Opinion 92-54 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Banking Transactions (designation of bank as depository when town supervisor is officer and stockholder) -- Purchase of bonds and notes when town supervisor is officer and stockholder) Opinion 92-53SALES TAX -- Distribution of (necessity of State Comptroller's approval in absence of sales tax agreement) Opinion 92-52 PUBLIC AUTHORITIES -- Municipal Cooperation (joint investments by municipalities and public authorities) MUNICIPAL COOPERATION -- Municipal Funds (joint investments with public authorities) MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Deposits and Investments (joint investment with public authorities) Opinion 92-51INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES -- Officers and Employees (reimbursement for expenses incurred by member's spouse) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Reimbursement for Expenses (spouses' expenses - spouse of member of IDA) Opinion 92-50PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Award (preference to local bidder) LOCAL LAWS -- Competitive Bidding (pre-emption by General Municipal Law, §103) -- Pre-emption (preference to local bidder) CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Commerce Clause (preference to local bidder) -- Equal Protection (preference to local bidder) -- Privileges and Immunities (preference to local bidder) Opinion 92-49 PARKS AND RECREATION - Recreational Trail (as constituting park facility) REFERENDUM - Permissive (need for when town leases land for recreational trail) Opinion 92-48MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Mandatory Reserve Fund (need to establish); (use of entire proceeds to retire debt even when part of improvement sold) Opinion 92-47 COUNTIES -- Powers and Duties (deposit and investment of E911 surcharge moneys) MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Accounting (crediting interest earned on investment of E911 surcharge moneys); (need to establish separate bank account for E911 surcharge moneys) -- Deposits and Investments (disposition of interest on investment of E911 surcharge moneys); (of E911 surcharge moneys) Opinion 92-46 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Bidding Monetary Threshold (computation of for various items used at youth center) Opinion 92-45AMBULANCE SERVICE -- Fees (imposition for services of emergency rescue and first aid squad) EMERGENCY RESCUE AND FIRST AID SQUADS -- Ambulance Service (no authority to impose fee for) -- Powers and Duties (imposition of fee for ambulance service) Opinion 92-44 POLICE AND POLICE PROTECTION -- Police Chief (entitlement to fringe benefits pursuant to General Municipal Law, §207-m) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (fringe benefits for police chief pursuant to General Municipal Law, §207-m) Opinion 92-43PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Policies and Procedures (inclusion of purchases by town highway superintendent); (supersession of State statutes governing contracting process) STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Highway Supplies and Equipment (necessity to obtain prior town board approval for purchases of); (purchases governed by town board's policies and procedures) SUPERINTENDENT OF HIGHWAYS -- Powers and Duties (necessity to obtain prior town board approval for purchases); (purchases governed by town board's policies and procedures) TOWN BOARD -- Powers and Duties (authority to require prior board approval in procurement policies and procedures) Opinion 92-42 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (use of municipal employees and equipment on private property pursuant to contract) PERSONAL PROPERTY -- Municipal Equipment (use for private property pursuant to contract) TOWNS -- Powers and Duties (authority to use employees and equipment on private property pursuant to contract) Opinion 92-41 FIRE DISTRICTS -- Appropriations and Expenditures (to repair thoroughfares within the district) STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Repairs (by fire district) Opinion 92-40 COUNTIES -- Powers and Duties (imposition of fees at county landfill) FEES -- Rates (authority to impose fees to produce revenue for general purposes) LANDFILL -- County (imposition of fees) -- Fees (authority to impose fees to produce revenue for general purposes) Opinion 92-39ELECTIONS -- Improvement Districts (eligibility to vote) IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS -- Establishment (eligibility of non-property owners to vote in election on establishment) -- Referendum (eligibility to vote) SEWER DISTRICTS -- Establishment (eligibility of non-property owners to vote in election on establishment) -- Referendum (eligibility to vote) WATER DISTRICTS -- Establishment (eligibility of non-property owners to vote in election on establishment) -- Referendum (eligibility to vote) Opinion 92-38 FIRE CHIEF -- Powers and Duties (continuation of service until new chief appointed) -- Vacancy (procedure for filling in village) VILLAGE BOARD -- Powers and Duties (approval of nomination for fire chief); (appointment of fire chief) Opinion 92-37 FIRE DISTRICTS -- Extension (necessity to obtain approval of the State Comptroller) FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICTS -- Dissolution (necessity to obtain approval of the State Comptroller) STATE COMPTROLLER -- Powers and Duties (approval of extension of fire district) Opinion 92-36 COUNTIES -- Powers and Duties (imposition of surcharge to finance E911 system); (implementation of E911 system on a part-county basis) Opinion 92-35REAL PROPERTY TAXES AND ASSESSMENTS -- Enforcement (notice of unpaid taxes with respect to county taxable property) RECEIVER OF TAXES AND ASSESSMENTS -- Powers and Duties (notice of unpaid taxes with respect to county taxable property) Opinion 92-34FINES AND PENALTIES -- Mandatory Surcharge (partial payment of parking fines and surcharges) -- Remission to State Comptroller (partial payment of parking fines and surcharges) PARKING AND TRAFFIC REGULATIONS -- Mandatory Surcharges (partial payment of parking fines and surcharges) Opinion 92-33 MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Publicity Fund (maximum amount appropriated to in town); (expenditures to fund contract with chamber of commerce) PARK DISTRICTS -- Powers and Duties (expenditures for promotional services) LOCAL LAWS -- Pre-emption (special district matters) PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Professional Services (promotional and publicity services); (procedures for obtaining) -- Contracts Not Requiring Bidding (promotional and publicity services); (procedures for obtaining) Opinion 92-32 REAL PROPERTY -- Purchase (of historically significant property for immediate reconveyance to an historical society) -- Sale (on installment basis to historical society) Opinion 92-31ADVERTISING -- Municipal Advertising (no authority to sell in newsletter) VILLAGES -- Powers and Duties (publication of informational newsletter) Opinion 92-30 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Codes of Ethics (prohibition against county officials serving on boards of not-for-profit agencies) -- Exceptions (contracts with not-for-profit agencies) Opinion 92-29 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (applicability of General Municipal Law, §207-m to salary of deputy police commissioner); (salary of individual filling vacancy in office of police commissioner) POLICE AND POLICE PROTECTION -- Police Commissioner (applicability of General Municipal Law, §207-m to salary of deputy commissioner); (salary of individual filling vacancy in office of police commissioner) Opinion 92-28 BONDS AND NOTES -- Tax Anticipation Notes (payment of proceeds to a public library); (payment of interest for notes issued for library taxes) LIBRARIES -- Finances (issuance and payment of proceeds of tax anticipation notes); (payment of interest on tax anticipation notes) -- Investments (interest earned on) -- Taxes (time for payment over by school district) SCHOOL DISTRICTS -- Library Appropriation (disposition of interest on investment of library fund); (time for payment over); (issuance of tax anticipation notes for library taxes) Opinion 92-27 LOCAL LAWS -- Payroll Deductions (for charitable contributions) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Payroll Deductions (for charitable contributions) -- Wage Assignment (to charitable organizations) Opinion 92-26 ELECTIONS -- Board of Elections (liability for expenses of) Opinion 92-25 FIRE COMMISSIONERS -- Powers and Duties (riding on fire vehicles during emergency calls) Opinion 92-24 OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER -- Designation of (criteria for designation in towns) Opinion 92-23 IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS -- Commissioners (lease of property not required for the purposes of district) REAL PROPERTY -- Leases (authority to enter into lease permitting the affixing of antennae to water storage tanks and the erection of a switching station near a well) Opinion 92-22 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Contracts (representation of owners of property located outside municipality in assessment review proceedings) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Ethics (village comptroller representing owners of property located outside village in assessment review proceedings) Opinion 92-21 FEES -- Justice Courts (mass dismissal of cases - entitlement to fees under General Municipal Law, §99-l) Opinion 92-20 FEES -- Imposition of (for concerts held on county fairgrounds) LICENSING AND REGULATORY POWERS -- County fairs (imposition of licensing fee) Opinion 92-19 ZONING AND PLANNING -- Subdivisions (authority of town to regulate traffic on private roads in residential subdivision) PARKING AND TRAFFIC REGULATIONS -- Private Roads (authority of town to regulate traffic in residential subdivision) STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Private Roads (authority of town to regulate traffic in residential subdivision) Opinion 92-18 FEES -- Imposition of (solid waste generation fee); (retroactively) LANDFILL -- Town (imposition of solid waste generation fee) LOCAL LAWS -- Fees (imposition of solid waste generation fee by town) REAL PROPERTY TAXES AND ASSESSMENTS -- Assessments (imposition of solid waste generation fee as assessment) REFUSE AND GARBAGE -- Solid Waste Facility (financing through imposition of solid waste generation fee) Opinion 92-17 SALES TAX -- Agreements (right of towns to receive share) Opinion 92-16 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Exceptions (contracts for rental of room owned by officer and used in official duties) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Powers and Duties (rental of home as office) REAL PROPERTY -- Leases (payment of rental to town officers); (by town from volunteer fire company) TOWNS -- Powers and Duties (lease of office from town officers and fire companies) Opinion 92-15POLICE AND POLICE PROTECTION -- Disability Benefits (payment for partial disability attributable only in part to line-of-duty injury); (effect of workers' compensation determination) WORKERS' COMPENSATION -- Compensation Award (effect on eligibility under General Municipal Law, §207-c) -- Disability Benefits (payment to deputy sheriff eligible for benefits under General Municipal Law, §207-c) Opinion 92-14 COUNTY TREASURER -- Powers and Duties (when mechanics' lien deposit may be refunded without a court order); (entitlement to CPLR §8010 fee when mechanics' lien deposit refunded without a court order) Opinion 92-13 LOCAL LAWS -- Procedural Requirements (necessity to address only a single subject) -- Terms of Office (single local law may increase terms of several elective town offices) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Terms of Office (change in terms of town offices from two to four years) Opinion 92-12 PAID FIREFIGHTERS -- Disability Benefits (forfeiture upon becoming self-employed or performing uncompensated services) WORDS AND PHRASES -- Employment (meaning for purposes of General Municipal Law, §207-a[6]) Opinion 92-11 INSURANCE -- Self-Insurance (transfer from insurance reserve to reserve for property loss and liability claims) MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Insurance Reserve (transfer by school district into reserve for property loss and liability claims) SCHOOL DISTRICTS -- Reserve Fund (no authority to transfer from insurance reserve to reserve for property loss and liability claims) Opinion 92-10ABANDONED AND LOST PROPERTY -- Money (unclaimed redemption payments on bearer serial bonds) BONDS AND NOTES -- Redemption (disposition of unclaimed moneys representing amounts paid on matured bearer serial bonds) Opinion 92-9VOLUNTEER FIREFIGHTERS -- Reimbursement for Expenses (appearance at attorney's office in compliance with subpoena for pre-trial questioning) WORDS AND PHRASES -- "Court or Other Tribunal" (meaning for purposes of General Municipal Law, §72-o - appearance at attorney's office for pre-trial questioning) Opinion 92-8 BONDS AND NOTES -- Permissible uses (financing non-federal share of federally-aided city bridge project) -- Proceeds (payment to State Comptroller) STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Improvements (issuance of obligations to finance non-federal share of federally-aided city bridge project) Opinion 92-7 FOREIGN FIRE INSURANCE TAXES -- Exempt Volunteer Firemen's Benevolent Association (use of tax moneys to pay debts incurred in the operation of a volunteer's business) WORDS AND PHRASES -- "Relief" (meaning of for purposes of special acts incorporating volunteer firemen's benevolent associations) Opinion 92-6 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Family Relationships (spouse of town highway department clerk repairing highway equipment) -- Powers and Duties (checking accuracy of invoices prior to approval by town officer) Opinion 92-5CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (granting of license or concession for fair and adequate consideration) REAL PROPERTY -- License (authority of school district to grant) SCHOOL DISTRICTS -- Powers and Duties (authority to grant license) Opinion 92-4 FIRE DISTRICTS -- Appropriations and Expenditures (supervised physical fitness training for firefighters) Opinion 92-3CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Engineering Services (consulting engineer as creditor of planning board chairman) -- Interest in Contract (contracts of creditors) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Ethics (consulting engineer as creditor of planning board chairman) ZONING AND PLANNING -- Planning Boards (consulting engineer as creditor of planning board chairman) Opinion 92-2 FIRE DISTRICTS -- Taxes (authority to use general fire district funds to pay amounts due under contract for hydrants serving a zone) FIRE HYDRANTS -- Fire Districts (authority to use general fire district funds to pay amounts due under contract for hydrants serving a zone); (authority to budget amounts due for preceding and current year under hydrant contract) Opinion 92-1 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Retained Percentages (collection of interest on securities deposited in lieu of); (mandatory nature of withdrawal provisions); (procedure for withdrawal upon deposit of appropriate securities); (submission of securities in excess of amount to be withdrawn); (substitution of certificates of participation for); (types of securities which may be substituted for) Opinion 91-64 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Contracts Requiring Bidding (bus transportation contracts for separate routes) -- Bidding Monetary Threshold (computation of for bus transportation contracts) Opinion 91-63 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Purchases and Sales (town councilman who resides with president and owner of hardware store) Opinion 91-62 REAL PROPERTY -- Gifts (from village to school district public library) -- Conveyance (with reservation of right to use) CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (gift of property from village to public library) Opinion 91-61 FEES -- Bail Moneys (1% fee to fund an approved county alternatives to incarceration service plan) BAIL MONEYS -- Fees (1% fee to fund an approved county alternatives to incarceration service plan) Opinion 91-60 STATE COMPTROLLER -- Powers and Duties (municipalities - scope of audit authority) MUNICIPALITIES -- Officers and Employees (authority of State Comptroller to request information for the purpose of determining conflicts of interest) CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Disclosure of Interest (authority of State Comptroller to request information for the purpose of determining conflicts of interest) Opinion 91-59FOREIGN FIRE INSURANCE TAXES -- Exempt Volunteer Firemen's Benevolent Association (need to be member of association to receive benefits); (use of money for retirement and death benefits) Opinion 91-58REFERENDUM -- Advisory (site plan approval) Opinion 91-57 LIBRARIES -- Finances (comingling library moneys with those of municipal sponsor) -- Public Library (comingling library moneys with those of municipal sponsor) MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Accounting (comingling library moneys with those of municipal sponsor) Opinion 91-56 PUBLIC AUTHORITIES -- Termination (requirement that there be no outstanding liabilities) WORDS AND PHRASES -- "Liabilities" (as including accounts payable and contractual obligations for purposes of termination of a public authority) Opinion 91-55BONDS AND NOTES -- Debt Limits (exclusion from - calculation of net revenues for exclusion for self-liquidating indebtedness) WORDS AND PHRASES -- "Cost of Operation, Maintenance and Repairs" (depreciation not included as) -- "Net Revenues" (depreciation not deducted from gross revenues to calculate) Opinion 91-54 LOCAL LAWS -- Taxes and Assessments (authority of village to impose a tax on renters of real property); (authority of village to impose a tax on rents paid by tenants of real property within the village) TAXES -- Occupancy Tax (authority of village to impose on renters of real property) -- Income Tax (authority of village to impose on rents paid by tenants of real property within the village) Opinion 91-53 TOWN BOARD -- Compensation (additional compensation for additional assigned duties); (additional compensation if also serve as deputy supervisor) -- Powers and Duties (appointment of board member as deputy supervisor) SUPERINTENDENT OF HIGHWAYS -- Compensation (additional compensation for performing services for special district) TOWN ASSESSOR -- Compensation (additional compensation for chairman of board of assessors) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (additional compensation for various town officers) LOCAL LAWS -- Compensation (necessity for local law when paying additional compensation to town board members and highway superintendents) Opinion 91-52PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Award (preference to bidder employing prescribed percentage of local residents); (requiring apprenticeship training program as pre-condition to) -- Bids (restricting bids only to bidders employing prescribed percentage of local residents) -- Lowest Responsible Bidder (responsibility of bidder as distinguished from debarment) LOCAL LAWS -- Competitive Bidding (pre-emption by General Municipal Law, §103) -- Pre-emption (preference to bidder employing prescribed percentage of local residents); (requiring apprenticeship training program as pre-condition to); (restricting bids only to bidders employing prescribed percentage of local residents); (responsibility of bidder as distinguished from debarment) CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Equal Protection (preference to bidder employing prescribed percentage of local residents) -- Privileges and Immunities (preference to bidder employing prescribed percentage of local residents) -- Commerce Clause (preference to bidder employing prescribed percentage of local residents) Opinion 91-51 MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Inter-fund Advance (from county sewer district fund to general fund) COUNTIES -- Fund Transfers (inter-fund advance from sewer district fund to general fund) Opinion 91-50 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Retained Percentages (substitution of Local Government Assistance Corporation bonds for) Opinion 91-49 STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Discontinuance of (county conveyance to other than owners of abutting lands) COUNTIES -- Powers and Duties (conveyance of abandoned county highway property) Opinion 91-48 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Contracts (planning board review of shopping center expansion) -- Interest in Contract (planning board review of shopping center expansion) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Ethics (applicant before planning board represented by board member's personal attorney) ZONING AND PLANNING -- Planning Boards (board member participating in review of project when applicant represented by board member's personal attorney) Opinion 91-47 FEES -- Court Fees (filing of an objection to the issuance of letters testamentary) Opinion 91-46 COUNTY CLERK-- Compensation (increase during term of office) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (increase or decrease for county clerk during term of office) Opinion 91-45 STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Improvements (performance pursuant to agreement between the town board and highway superintendent) -- Repairs (performance pursuant to agreement between town board and highway superintendent) SUPERINTENDENT OF HIGHWAYS -- Powers and Duties (scope of duties); (assignment of additional duties - drainage improvements); (highway repairs and improvements subject to agreement with town board) -- Relations With Town Board (remedies available to town board to enforce agreement for highway repairs and improvements) TOWN BOARD -- Power and Duties (authority to assign additional duties to highway superintendent); (remedies to enforce agreement with highway superintendent for repair and improvement of town highways) Opinion 91-44FIRE COMMISSIONERS -- Compensation (health insurance) FIRE DISTRICTS -- Appropriations and Expenditures (health insurance for fire commissioners) INSURANCE -- Health Insurance (authority to cover fire district fire commissioners under State health insurance plan) Opinion 91-43 CLAIMS -- Audit (procedure in towns); (delegation of pre-audit functions) LOCAL LAWS -- Transfer of Function (town clerk's function in connection with preparation and custody of claims) TOWN CLERK -- Powers and Duties (preparation and custody of claims) Opinion 91-42FIRE DEPARTMENT -- Villages (authority to transfer department funds to village treasurer); (cooperative investment of department funds and village funds); (gift of department funds to village subject to condition regarding use) VILLAGE TREASURER -- Powers and Duties (authority to have custody of fire department funds) VILLAGES -- Powers and Duties (cooperative investment of fire department funds and village funds) Opinion 91-41 REFERENDUM -- Tax Limitation (authority by petition to compel referendum) Opinion 91-40 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Military Leave (compensation- determination of period of entitlement); (rescheduling of work days to avoid conflict with military duty) Opinion 91-39PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Retirement Benefits (waiver of public salary exceeding statutory limit) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (waiver of post-retirement salary - effect on retirement allowance) Opinion 91-38 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Bid Specifications (amount returned from the deposit for copies of) LOCAL LAWS -- Pre-emption (deposits on plans and specifications) Opinion 91-37 FINES AND PENALTIES -- Disposition of Parking Fines (received by city parking violations bureau for violations of Vehicle and Traffic Law, §§306 and 402) PARKING AND TRAFFIC REGULATIONS -- Parking Regulations (disposition of fines received by city parking violations bureau for violations of Vehicle and Traffic Law, §§306 and 402) Opinion 91-36 ZONING AND PLANNING -- Park Lands (use of village park trust fund moneys to develop facilities in town park) PARKS AND RECREATION -- Joint Parks (use of village park trust fund moneys to develop facilities in town park) Opinion 91-35 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (amount of salary increases for heads of police departments) POLICEMEN AND POLICE PROTECTION -- Police Chief (amount of salary increase pursuant to General Municipal Law, §207-m) Opinion 91-34 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Bid Specifications (authority to require timeliness and prior experience by vendor) -- Contracts Requiring Bidding (printing of election materials) -- Professional Services (printing of election materials as not constituting ELECTIONS -- Printing of Election Supplies (necessity for bidding) Opinion 91-33 BAIL MONEYS -- County Treasurer's Fee (applicability of fee to interest earned on deposit of bail) -- Deposit and Investment of (duty of county treasurer to deposit bail in interest-bearing account); (maintenance by county treasurer of common bank account for separate bail deposits); (duty of superior court to deposit retained bail in interest-bearing account and pay interest to State Department of Taxation and Finance) COUNTY TREASURER -- Bail Moneys (duty to deposit bail in interest-bearing account); (maintenance of common bank account for separate bail deposits); (applicability of 2% bail fee to interest earned on deposit of bail) COURTS -- Bail Moneys (duty of superior court to deposit retained bail in interest-bearing account and pay interest to State Department of Taxation and Finance) Opinion 91-32CLAIMS -- Compromise or settlement of (devaluation of real property located near solid waste facilities) CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (application to public benefit corporation) EMINENT DOMAIN -- Compensable Taking (claim for inverse condemnation arising out of property devaluation) PUBLIC AUTHORITIES -- Powers and Duties (expenditures to compensate property owners for decrease in market value) Opinion 91-31 MUNICIPAL FUNDS - Town Charges (costs of rabies treatment for individual injured within the town) Opinion 91-30 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Interest in Contract (purchases under State or county contract) Opinion 91-29FOREIGN FIRE INSURANCE TAXES -- Exempt Volunteer Firemen's Benevolent Associations (use of tax moneys for an eye care plan, hospital telephone and television charges, and gifts); (procedure to make fire department recipient of tax moneys); (power to require treasurer to be bonded) -- Recipients (procedure to make fire department recipient of tax moneys payable to benevolent association) -- Treasurer's Powers (liability for tax moneys) Opinion 91-28 WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION -- Water Fund (use of profits for general village purposes) Opinion 91-27 COUNTIES -- Real Property (sale of unneeded real property without public bidding) LOCAL LAWS -- Real Property (authority of county to supersede sale and lease provisions of County Law, §215) REAL PROPERTY -- Conveyances Generally (authority of county to supersede sale and lease provisions of County Law, §215) -- Sales (of unneeded county real property without public bidding) Opinion 91-26 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Architectural Services (provided to public library by firm employing daughter of library board member) -- Codes of Ethics (adoption of by public library) -- Family Relationships (contract between public library and firm employing library board member's daughter) -- Interest In Contract (library board member in contract with firm employing daughter) Opinion 91-25 FIRE PROTECTION AND PREVENTION -- Disability Benefits (entitlement of paid firefighters to salary increments or steps based on longevity and to holiday pay); (employment restrictions) Opinion 91-24 SEWERS AND SEWER SYSTEMS -- Contracts (to provide service outside town district) SEWER DISTRICTS -- Contracts (between town and county districts); (to provide service outside district); (with village) Opinion 91-23 FIRE COMPANY -- Membership (right to be member of more than one company) VOLUNTEER FIREFIGHTERS -- Eligibility (membership in more than one company) Opinion 91-22FIRE COMPANY -- Fire Police Squad (authority to incorporate as separate not-for-profit corporation) FIRE PROTECTION AND PREVENTION -- Fire Police Squad (authority to incorporate as separate not-for-profit corporation) Opinion 91-21 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (administrator of estates - county chief fiscal officer's right to fees and commissions); (fees and commissions - right of county chief fiscal officer to remit to county, or to waive) Opinion 91-20AMBULANCE SERVICE -- Contracts (by town for a particular level of service) -- Fees (authority to collect from insurance companies) FEES -- Collection of (ambulance service fees from insurance companies) Opinion 91-19FIRE DISTRICTS -- Powers and Duties (authority to make gift to fire company); (authority to accept gift of firefighting equipment) FIRE COMPANY -- Powers and Duties (authority of fire district to make gift to fire company) CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (authority of fire district to make gift to fire company) Opinion 91-18 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Family Relationships (spouse of town supervisor serving as his or her bookkeeper or confidential secretary) Opinion 91-17 LOCAL LAWS -- Competitive Bidding (cannot expand exception under General Municipal Law, §103[8]) -- Preemption (competitive bidding procedures) PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Contracts Requiring Bidding (purchases by other than municipal hospitals from group program under the Public Health Law) Opinion 91-16 OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER -- Fees (not based on agate measurement for publication of notice of unredeemed land) REAL PROPERTY TAXES AND ASSESSMENTS -- Redemption (publication of notice of unredeemed lands) -- Tax Sale (cost of publication of notice) Opinion 91-15 ZONING AND PLANNING -- Park Lands (authority of newly incorporated village to assess park land fee upon subdivision plat already so assessed by town) Opinion 91-14 MUNICIPAL COOPERATION -- Procedures (necessity for referendum) -- Refuse and Garbage (town refuse and garbage district collecting refuse for village) REFERENDUM -- Permissive (need for prior to cooperation agreement for refuse collection) REFUSE AND GARBAGE -- Collection of (for village by town refuse and garbage district) REFUSE AND GARBAGE DISTRICT -- Municipal Cooperation (town district collecting refuse for village) Opinion 91-13 REAL PROPERTY -- Leases (as constituting indebtedness for purposes of the Constitution and Local Finance Law); (as distinguished from installment purchases); (authority of municipal corporation to enter into installment purchase contract) BONDS AND NOTES -- Certificates of Participation (as constituting indebtedness for purposes of the Constitution and Local Finance Law) PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Contracts Requiring Bidding (lease of public facility for use by a municipal corporation in performance of its governmental functions from not-for-profit corporation) -- Installment Purchase (authority for real property acquisition) INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES -- Powers and Duties (construction of public facility for use by a municipal corporation in performance of its governmental functions) Opinion 91-12 FIRE COMPANY -- Powers and Duties (retention of moneys derived from fund raising activities) Opinion 91-11 REFERENDUM -- Mandatory (local law increasing term of office of city engineer) LOCAL LAWS -- Referendum Requirements (curtailing powers of elective officers subject to mandatory referendum) Opinion 91-10 WORDS AND PHRASES -- "In the same manner and at the same time as town taxes" (as meaning ad valorem levies) TOWNS -- Powers and Duties (tort liability in connection with park district) PARK DISTRICTS -- Establishment (pursuant to Laws of 1924, ch 574) -- Powers and Duties (pursuant to Laws of 1924, ch 574) Opinion 91-9 LOCAL LAWS -- Procedural Requirements (mandatory referendum - curtailing powers of city board of estimate) MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Budget Procedures (increase in items by city council in city of the second class) -- Contingency Funds (in cities of the second class) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Powers and Duties (city council in city of the second class - budget items) CITIES -- City Council (authority to increase budget items) -- Powers and Duties (supersession of Second Class Cities Law) Opinion 91-8 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Powers and Duties (execution of fire district bonds and payment of principal and interest on bonds) Opinion 91-7 AMBULANCE DISTRICTS -- Contracts (authority to contract with village fire department) AMBULANCE SERVICE -- Contracts (by town with fire department rescue squad) -- Fire Districts (when fire district may contract for emergency and general service) FIRE DISTRICTS -- Ambulance Service (circumstances in which district may contract for provision of) FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICTS -- Ambulance Service (by fire department other than the one providing fire protection) TOWNS -- Ambulance Service (authority to contract to receive ambulance service) VILLAGES -- Ambulance Service (authority of rescue squad to provide ambulance service outside village) Opinion 91-6 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Contracts Requiring Bidding (purchases from vendor holding federal General Services Administration contract) -- Purchase Through County or State (no similar exception for federal General Services Administration contracts) LOCAL LAWS -- Preemption (competitive bidding procedures) Opinion 91-5 BONDS AND NOTES -- Debt Service (payment of on town obligations in coterminous town-village) CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Debt Limit (calculation for a coterminous town- village) TOWNS -- Coterminous Town-Village (authority of town to issue debt after incorporation of coterminous village) VILLAGES -- Incorporation (assumption of outstanding debt of coterminous town) Opinion 91-4 FIRE DISTRICTS -- Apparatus and Equipment (transfer of by village to joint fire district without consideration) VILLAGES -- Powers and Duties (transfer of firefighting equipment to joint fire district without consideration) CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (transfer by village of firefighting equipment to joint fire district without consideration) Opinion 91-3 SUPERINTENDENT OF HIGHWAYS -- Powers and Duties (control of highway equipment) TOWN BOARD -- Powers and Duties (management, custody and control of town property) Opinion 91-2 STATE COMPTROLLER -- Powers and Duties (public corporations -- scope of audit authority); (OTB's -- scope of audit authority) OFF-TRACK BETTING CORPORATIONS -- Officers and Employees (authority of State Comptroller to request information for the purpose of determining conflicts of interest) CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Disclosure of Interest (authority of State Comptroller to request information for the purpose of determining conflicts of interest) Opinion 91-1 LOCAL LAWS -- Competitive Bidding (cannot create exception for public work under county contract) -- Preemption (competitive bidding procedures) MUNICIPAL COOPERATION -- Competitive Bidding (cooperative bidding for public work) PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Purchases Through County or State (exception not applicable to contracts for public work) Opinion 90-64 PARK DISTRICTS -- Increase or Improvement of Facilities (referendum not required) IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS -- Increase or Improvement of Facilities (referendum not required) -- Procedural Requirements (referendum requirements) BONDS AND NOTES -- Referendum Requirements (bond resolution for park district) REFERENDUM -- Permissive (need for when issuing bonds to finance improvement to park district); (need for when determining to improve park district) Opinion 90-63 LIBRARIES -- Appropriations and Expenditures (recognition dinner for volunteers); (holding party for senior citizens) MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Appropriations and Expenditures (in recognition of municipal service - dinner for volunteer library workers); (miscellaneous expenses - holiday party for senior citizens) VOLUNTEERS -- Compensation (authority to hold recognition dinners or give awards to volunteers) Opinion 90-62PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Removal (of elected official physically unable to perform the duties of office) SUPERINTENDENT OF HIGHWAYS -- Removal (physical inability to perform duties) Opinion 90-61 LOCAL LAWS -- Preemption (financing town improvement districts) IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS -- Assessments (authority to impose benefit assessments in water supply district) -- Water Supply Districts (authority to impose benefit assessments) WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION -- Water Supply Districts (abolishment and reestablishment as water district); (authority to impose benefit assessments or user fees) Opinion 90-60 REFUSE AND GARBAGE -- Solid Waste Facility (validity of installment purchase contract to finance recycling center under General Municipal Law, §120-w) PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Installment Purchases (to finance construction of recycling center under General Municipal Law, §120-w) Opinion 90-59CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (removal of snow and ice from private road) STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Private Roads (removing of snow and ice from) Opinion 90-58 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Insurance Transactions (village board members selling to village employees) Opinion 90-57 FIRE DISTRICTS -- Powers and Duties (need for referendum on contract to receive fire protection from village with service award program) FIRE PROTECTION AND PREVENTION -- Contracts (cost of service award program for village fire department); (need for referendum on contract with village having service award program) -- Villages (authority and procedure to establish service award program) FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICTS -- Fire Protection Contracts (cost of service award program for village fire department) -- Service Award Program (authority and procedure to establish for village fire department) REFERENDUM -- Mandatory (to establish service award program for village fire department); (need for on contract to receive fire protection from village with service award program) VILLAGES -- Power and Duties (authority and procedure to establish service award program) VOLUNTEER FIREFIGHTERS -- Service Award Program (authority and procedure to establish for village fire department) Opinion 90-56PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Military Leave (additional paid leave beyond statutory maximum period) CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (authority to provide paid leaves of absence) Opinion 90-55 POLICE AND POLICE PROTECTION -- Disability Benefits (termination of police department) Opinion 90-54 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Retirement Benefits (equitable distribution of benefits in matrimonial actions) Opinion 90-53 INDEPENDENT CONTRACTORS -- Consultants (authority to contract out functions of village assessor); (authority to contract out functions of village building inspector); (authority to contract out functions of village road commissioner) -- Permissible Functions (discretionary versus ministerial responsibilities) VILLAGE BOARD -- Powers and Duties (authority to contract out discretionary as opposed to ministerial functions) REAL PROPERTY TAXES AND ASSESSMENTS -- Assessment Procedures (authority to retain assessor on contractual basis) BUILDING INSPECTOR -- Independent Contractor (authority to contract out functions of village building inspector) STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Independent Contractor (authority to contract out functions of village road commissioner) FEES -- Retention of (by independent contractor) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Powers and Duties (delegation of to independent contractor) Opinion 90-52TOWN BOARD -- Powers and Duties (publication of minutes of meetings); (publication of State Comptroller's report of examination) TOWN CLERK -- Powers and Duties (required contents of minutes) TOWN SUPERVISOR -- Powers and Duties (publication of minutes of town board meeting); (publication of State Comptroller's report of examination) Opinion 90-51 COUNTIES -- Powers and Duties (use of surcharge revenues for establishment of an enhanced emergency telephone service) Opinion 90-50 STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Improvements (municipal highway construction performed by State in connection with State project) STATE COMPTROLLER -- Municipal Highways (approval of Department of Transportation contracts to construct municipal highways) Opinion 90-49 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (improvement district commissioners) IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS -- Commissioners (compensation) WORDS AND PHRASES -- "Per day" (for purposes of compensation to improvement district commissioners) Opinion 90-48 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Lowest Responsible Bidder (criteria and procedure for determining responsibility) SCHOOL DISTRICTS -- Transportation Contracts (criteria and procedure for determining "responsibility" of lowest bidder) Opinion 90-47 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Legal Expenses (reimbursement of private legal fees when town official sued both individually and officially) SUPERINTENDENT OF HIGHWAYS -- Legal Expenses (recovery of private legal fees when sued both individually and officially) RATIFICATION -- Claims (legal services) Opinion 90-46 COUNTY CLERK -- Fees (refund by State of county's portion of index fees) FEES -- Court Fees (refund by State of county's portion of index fees) Opinion 90-45PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Standardization (contents of resolution) Opinion 90-44 VILLAGE BOARD -- Compensation (statement of in notice of budget hearing as excluding fringe benefits) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (salary exclusive of fringe benefits for purposes of village budget hearing) WORDS AND PHRASES -- Compensation (for purposes of Village Law, §5-508[3]) Opinion 90-43PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Death Benefits (police officers - eligibility of children) POLICE AND POLICE PROTECTION -- Death Benefits (eligibility of children) Opinion 90-42 CITIES -- Fees (filing of in rem tax foreclosure lists) FEES -- Exemption from (housing authority) -- Liability for (city tax districts) PUBLIC HOUSING AUTHORITY -- Fees (exemption from filing and recording fees) REAL PROPERTY TAXES AND ASSESSMENTS -- Enforcement (fees for filing in rem lists) Opinion 90-41SEWERS AND SEWERS SYSTEMS -- Sewer Lines (authority of village to assess entire cost against benefited properties) Opinion 90-40VILLAGE MAYOR -- Deputy (right to vote as trustee and deputy mayor) PUBLIC MEETINGS AND HEARINGS -- Voting Procedure (right of village deputy mayor to vote as deputy and as trustee) Opinion 90-39FEES -- Imposition of (by town on behalf of fire district) FIRE DISTRICTS -- Taxes (imposition of special tax or user fee) LOCAL LAWS -- Fees (imposition on behalf of fire district) -- Preemption (fire district finances) TOWNS -- Powers and Duties (imposition of special tax or user fee on behalf of a fire district) Opinion 90-38 STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Seasonal Limited Use Highway (effect of subsequent construction of residence on) Opinion 90-37 REAL PROPERTY -- Sales (authority of village to accept offer lower than highest offer) VILLAGES -- Real Property (authority to sell for less than highest offer) Opinion 90-36 REAL PROPERTY TAXES AND ASSESSMENTS -- Payments (medium of payment - postdated checks) Opinion 90-35 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Bidding Monetary Threshold (computation of for fuel oil) Opinion 90-34 FOREIGN FIRE INSURANCE TAXES -- Recipients (emergency rescue and first aid squads) Opinion 90-33 VILLAGE MAYOR -- Deputy (power to appoint officers and employees) Opinion 90-32 REFERENDUM -- Mandatory (need for upon construction of building for highway department purposes) -- Permissive (need for upon construction of building for highway department purposes) -- Highway Garage (referendum requirements for construction of) STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Highway Garage (construction - need for referendum) -- Highway Supplies and Equipment (acquisition of land and construction of building for storage of) BONDS AND NOTES -- Referendum Requirements (for DEC ordered construction of town salt storage shed) Opinion 90-31 PUBLIC MEETINGS AND HEARINGS -- Voting Procedures (authority to allow act by majority of quorum) LOCAL LAWS -- Voting Requirements (authority to allow act by majority of quorum) Opinion 90-30COUNTIES -- Fees (exception from payment of) COUNTY CLERK -- Fees (for recording satisfaction of mortgage) FEES -- County Clerk (collection of fees for recording satisfaction of mortgage) Opinion 90-29 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Restitution Agency (deposit of unclaimed funds) MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Unclaimed restitution payments (transfer to general fund not permissible) Opinion 90-28 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Engineering Services (planning board member performing private engineering services for subdivisions) ZONING AND PLANNING -- Planning Boards (propriety of board member providing private engineering services for subdivisions) Opinion 90-27 FIRE COMMISSIONERS -- Appointment (in joint fire district) FIRE DISTRICTS -- Establishment of (joint fire district) TOWN BOARD -- Powers and Duties (appointment of commissioners of joint fire district); (establishment of joint fire district) VILLAGE BOARD -- Powers and Duties (appointment of commissioners of joint fire district); (establishment of joint fire district) Opinion 90-26 BONDS AND NOTES -- Bond Resolution (exceeding maximum cost specified in) Opinion 90-25FIRE DISTRICTS -- Powers and Duties (authority to contract for water supply and hydrants) -- Taxes (authority to assess previously incurred costs on a zone of assessment) FIRE HYDRANTS -- Fire Districts (authority to contract for) PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Approval (effect of failure to obtain proper approval) Opinion 90-24 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Powers and Duties (delegation of authority to hire bond counsel) BONDS AND NOTES -- Bond Counsel (delegation of authority to hire) Opinion 90-23BONDS AND NOTES -- Debt Limit (exclusion from - cities of Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse) Opinion 90-22 WATER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION -- Public Water Systems (necessity to pay interest on consumer deposits) MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Deposits and Investments (of consumer deposits for municipal water utility) Opinion 90-21 CLAIMS -- Audit (procedure in town) LOCAL LAWS -- Transfer of Function (town clerk's function in connection with preparation and custody of claims) TOWN CLERK -- Powers and Duties (preparation and custody of claims) Opinion 90-20FOREIGN FIRE INSURANCE TAXES -- Particular Uses (donation to firemen's association) -- Recipients (transfer of custody of moneys) -- Treasurer's Powers (transfer of custody of moneys) Opinion 90-19 FIRE COMMISSIONERS -- Powers and Duties (regulating activities of fire companies) FIRE COMPANY -- By-Laws (regulating internal affairs of company) -- Corporate Status (distinguished from fire department) -- Membership (residency requirements) -- Officers (residency requirements)-- Powers and Duties (consent to fire protection contract) FIRE DEPARTMENT -- Villages (distinguished from fire company) FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICTS -- Fire Protection Contracts (consent by fire company to contract) VILLAGES -- Powers and Duties (administration of village fire department) Opinion 90-18 PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Contracts Requiring Competitive Bidding (purchase of medical supplies) Opinion 90-17 FIRE DISTRICTS -- Dissolution (disposition of surplus moneys) Opinion 90-16 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Employment Contracts (member of county board of health retained by county health department) -- Medical Services (member of county board of health retained by county health department) HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES -- Board of Health (member as consultant to health department) -- Contracts for (consulting services by member of board of health) Opinion 90-15 POLICE AND POLICE PROTECTION -- Police Department (establishment of position of deputy town police commissioner) TOWN BOARD -- Powers and Duties (establishment of position of deputy town police commissioner) LOCAL LAWS -- Abolition and Creation of Municipal Positions and Departments (establishment of position of deputy town police commissioner) -- Procedural Requirements (mandatory referendum - establishment of position of deputy town police commissioner) Opinion 90-14 ZONING AND PLANNING -- Subdivisions (validity of engineering and legal fees imposed upon developer); (direct payment by developer of subdivision review fees to engineer or lawyer) Opinion 90-13STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Utilities (municipal sewer project connected with reconstruction of State highway) SEWERS AND SEWER SYSTEMS -- Highway Rights-of-Way (municipal sewer project connected with reconstruction of State highway) Opinion 90-12 COUNTY TREASURER -- Powers and Duties (payment out of money paid into court) Opinion 90-11 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (overtime pay and compensatory time off) -- Overtime (compensatory time off - effect of Fair Labor Standards Act) Opinion 90-10SUPERINTENDENT OF HIGHWAYS -- Powers and Duties (trimming or removal of trees) LOCAL LAWS -- Streets and Highways (highway superintendent's duty to trim or remove trees) -- Transfer of Functions (highway superintendent's duty to trim or remove trees) TOWN BOARDS -- Powers and Duties (conservation advisory councils and conservation boards) Opinion 90-9 CLAIMS -- Audit (scope of village auditor's authority); (necessity of vendor certification) LOCAL LAWS -- Preemption (matters contained in article 5 of Village Law) VILLAGE BOARD -- Powers and Duties (delegation of authority to make budget transfers) Opinion 90-8 FOREIGN FIRE INSURANCE TAXES -- Local Laws (preemption) LOCAL LAWS -- Preemption (foreign fire insurance taxes) Opinion 90-7 INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES -- Employees (defense and indemnification by municipality) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Legal Expenses (defense and indemnification by municipality of employees of industrial development agency) Opinion 90-6 COUNTIES -- Powers and Duties (naming of public facilities after corporate grantor) -- Social Services Districts (acceptance of corporate grant for day care purposes) MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS -- Powers and Duties (acceptance of gift on condition that public facility be named after donor) Opinion 90-5LIBRARIES -- Library Trustees (increase in their number) Opinion 90-4 BONDS AND NOTES -- Permissible Uses (financing dredging of pond within village) REAL PROPERTY TAXES AND ASSESSMENTS -- Assessments (special assessments in village) VILLAGES -- Powers and Duties (imposition of benefit assessments for drainage) Opinion 90-3SALES TAX -- Distribution (method of computing full valuation) REAL PROPERTY TAXES AND ASSESSMENTS -- County Taxes (method of computing full valuation) Opinion 90-2 LIBRARIES -- Contracts (with town library by village) -- Grants (by village to town library) VILLAGES -- Powers and Duties (contract for library services with, or grant to town library) Opinion 90-1 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (gifts of moneys to public entities) LOCAL LAWS -- Municipal Funds (authorizing gift of to another municipal corporation) MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Appropriations and Expenditures (use of commercial hazardous waste facility assessments); (contributions to public entities - school district) Opinion 89-65 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Legal Services (contract with town attorney's law firm) TOWN ATTORNEY -- Conflict of Interest (contract by town with town attorney's law firm for additional legal services) Opinion 89-64 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (consideration paid for the purchase of property) REAL PROPERTY -- Acquisition Generally (consideration paid) -- Purchases (consideration paid); (obtaining appraisals) Opinion 89-63 FEES -- Exemption From (housing authority) PUBLIC HOUSING AUTHORITIES -- Fees (exemption from court fees) Opinion 89-62 FIRE DISTRICTS -- Elections (signing multiple nominating petitions) ELECTIONS -- Fire Districts (signing multiple nominating petitions) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Mode of Selection (signing multiple nominating petitions for fire district office) Opinion 89-61 TOWN SUPERVISOR -- Compensation (salary charged on townwide basis) SUPERINTENDENT OF HIGHWAYS -- Compensation (salary charged on townwide basis) TOWN CLERK -- Compensation (salary charged on townwide basis) BUILDING INSPECTOR -- Compensation (salary in town charged only to area of town outside of villages) VILLAGE JUSTICE -- Abolition (effect of) MUNICIPAL FUNDS -- Part-Town charges (salaries of town officers) Opinion 89-60 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST -- Building Inspector (engaged in private business of performing home inspections) Opinion 89-59 WATER RENTS -- Imposition of (authority to impose water rates to raise both operation and maintenance and capital costs) WATER DISTRICTS -- Capital Costs (authority to impose water rates to raise both operation and maintenance and capital costs) Opinion 89-58 IMPROVEMENT DISTRICTS -- Establishment (authority to establish overlapping town districts authorized to provide same improvements or services) PARK DISTRICTS -- Establishment (authority to establish park district within an existing park district) Opinion 89-57MUNICIPAL COOPERATION -- Capital Improvements (town improvement of village street) STREETS AND HIGHWAYS -- Highway Department (town repair and improvement of village street) PUBLIC CONTRACTS -- Contracts not Requiring Bidding (town repair and improvement of village street) Opinion 89-56 LOCAL LAWS -- Compensation (authority to make incentive payments to employees who report health care services billed but not provided) COLLECTIVE BARGAINING -- Compensation (payments to employees who report health care services billed but not provided) PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES -- Compensation (payments to employees who report health care services billed but not provided) Opinion 89-55 POLICE AND POLICE PROTECTION -- Police Chief (delegation of power to determine promotions) -- Police Department (delegation to chief of police of power over promotions) LOCAL LAWS -- Transfer of Functions (delegation to chief of police of power over promotions) Opinion 89-54 MUNICIPAL FUNDS--Capital Reserve Fund (creation of by town for construction of water improvements) WATER IMPROVEMENT--Construction (use of capital reserve fund) Opinion 89-53FOREIGN FIRE INSURANCE TAXES--Recipients (basis for allocation between or among fire companies in a multi-company fire department) Opinion 89-52AMBULANCE SERVICE -- Regional Coordination (establishment of county office to coordinate training) COUNTIES -- Powers and Duties (power to coordinate training of emergency medical service providers) LOCAL LAWS -- Preemption (county coordination of emergency medical service training) Opinion 89-51 FIRE PROTECTION AND PREVENTION -- Contracts (additional payments for the services of private contractors); (cost of VFBL insurance) FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICTS -- Fire Protection Contracts (additional payments for the services of private contractors); (cost of VFBL insurance) Opinion 89-50 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW -- Gifts and Loans (drainage improvement on private property) CLAIMS -- Compromise or Settlement (drainage improvement on private property as settlement) TOWNS -- Powers and Duties (drainage improvement on private property) Opinion 89-49 FEES -- Court Fees (in proceeding for appointment of administrator c.t.a.

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